Did you know that breeding chickens is not the same as breeding other farm animals or even other birds?
Yes, your beautiful feathered beauties have a unique fertility system.
Let’s look at 4-1-1 breeding chickens, from mating to chicken.
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Anatomy of the mating
The amazing anatomy of the chicken is that it has two ovaries, but only the left one is functional.
Chickens and roosters do not have external genitalia, but use an external hole called a cloaca. When a cloaca touches each other, the sperm is transferred to a chicken, which is called a cloaca kiss.
A cesspool or chimney is also a landfill site. To protect the egg from contact with droppings, the chicken’s uterus is turned over by the cloaca (ventilation opening) during laying. So the egg is not infected with faeces.
When the chickens mate, the cock jumps on top of the chicken, grabs it with its claws behind its back and often bites it by the feathers in its neck. The rooster touches his cloaca with a few quick movements and then jumps back.
Roosters tend to choose their favorite chickens to mate with. These chickens can lose their feathers on their backs as a result of constant treatment. Many chicken farmers use chicken droppings to protect the chickens or to separate them from the cock until their feathers have recovered.
Nice fact: Rooster seed is viable from two weeks to 30 days!
The egg (yolk) starts as a single cell and enters the egg, which is a 25-27 inch wrapped tube. The first part of this tube is the infundulum, and as soon as the egg enters, fertilization takes place here. The yolk remains in this section for 15 to 17 minutes.
The magnum part of the clutch is 13 cm long and the yolk penetrates into it in three hours, while an egg white or thick egg white is formed around it.
Then we come to the third part, the isthmus, which is only four inches long. As the name indicates, this is the border area that forms the shell of the inner and outer membranes. This process takes 75 minutes.
Next comes the bowl, which is another 4 to 5 centimetres long. At this point, the shell forms around the egg, which takes up to twenty hours to complete processing. Here, too, the eggshells get their colour from the pigment.
Then the egg goes into the womb. Here he first enters the small end and then turns to the large end, taking the first end out. The muscle in this area helps to push the egg out by pulling it along with the egg and turning it from the inside out to get it out.
Do you need a rooster to lay eggs?
As we have seen, the hen stores seeds in her body and can lay fertile eggs for weeks without any contact with the cock.
Mating is not a prerequisite for egg laying.
Light is an incentive to lay chicken eggs, not a romance. The hens are programmed to lay eggs when there is a lot of light, in spring and summer.
However, if you want to hatch a fertile egg from a rooster, a rooster is required.
How do you determine whether an egg cell has been fertilized?
There are a few ways to say…
Take a bowl of hot water and carefully put an egg in it. If the egg slides down gently, that’s good news. The weight of the embryo keeps it on the ground.
Candles are the best way to see an egg. If you find a blood vessel that resembles an eye or even a contour or shadow of a chick’s body, you have a fertilized and developing egg.
Breaking an egg is also a way to test fertility. If an egg is fertilized but not incubated, you will find a white apple eye on the yolk, which consists of two white rings.
Reproduction or incubation?
Now that you know your eggs are fertile, you may wonder if you should let your nurse chicken take over or try to incubate.
There are several factors you can read more about: The hatching of the eggs: An incubator or an incubator Which is better?
But in this article we will only examine a few factors: Time and money. A thoughtful chicken can save you both if you do the work yourself. There are no incubation costs and there is no continuous rotation and monitoring.
But the flapping of the wings and the miracle of hatching chicks and becoming a mummy’s boy have their charm.
These are just some of the basic principles of chicken farming. If you want to know more, read Dr. Jacobs’ article: Bird breeding system.
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